NKR Constitution

Chapter 1: The Foundations of Constitutional Order

Article 1.

1. The Nagorno Karabakh Republic, Artsakh, is a sovereign, democratic state based on social justice and the rule of law.

2. The Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic designations are the same.

Article 2.

The Nagorno Karabakh Republic recognizes the fundamental human rights and freedoms as inalienable and supreme value, for freedom, justice and peace.

Article 3.

1. In the Nagorno Karabakh Republic power lies with the people.

2. The people exercise their power through free elections and referenda as well as through state and local self-governing bodies and public officials as provided by the Constitution.

3. The usurpation of power by any organization or individual constitutes a crime.

Article 4.

The election of the President, the National Assembly and local self-governing bodies as well as the referenda is held based on the rights to universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.

Article 5.

The state guarantees the protection of individual and citizen’s rights and freedoms in accordance with the international human rights principles and norms. The state is sanctioned by those rights and freedoms directly in effect.

Article 6.

1. State power shall be exercised in accordance with the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of the separation of the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the government and their checks and balances.

2. The State and local self-government bodies and officials are only to execute activities for which they have been authorized by the Constitution and the laws.


Article 7.

1. The Nagorno Karabakh Republic Constitution has the supreme judicial power and its norms are applicable directly.

2. The laws of the The Nagorno Karabakh Republic must correspond with the Constitution. Other inter-state legal acts are adopted in accordance with the Constitution and the laws to guarantee their realization. They must correspond to the Constitution, laws and the international agreements ratified by the Nagorno Karabakh Republic.

3. The Laws and other inter-state normative legal acts shall take effect only upon their official publication.

4. Laws found to contradict the Constitution as well as other inter-state legal acts shall have no legal force.

5. International treaties ratified by the Nagorno Karabakh Republic, are constituent part of the legal system of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic.

6. Laws and other legal acts of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic shall correspond with the principles and norms of the international law.

7. International treaties made in the name of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic take effect only upon their ratification or confirmation. If there are other norms ratified in the international treaties than those provided by the laws of the Republic then the norms provided in the treaty shall prevail.

8. International treaties that contradict the Constitution may not be ratified. International treaties that contradict the law shall not be confirmed.

Article 8.

1. The multi-party system and ideological pluralism constitute the political foundation of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic.

2. Parties are formed freely and contribute to the formation and expression of the people's political will. Their activity cannot contradict the Constitution and the laws, nor can their structure and practice to the democratic principles.

3.Political parties provide publicity of their financial activities.


Article 9.

1. In the Nagorno Karabakh Republic free activities and competition constitute the basis of the economic activities in the republic.

2. Unfair competition is prohibited.

3. The competition limits, allowed forms of monopolies and their limits shall only be stipulated by law, should they be considered indispensable for the security and interests of the public.

4. The State shall guarantee the free development and equal legal protection of all forms of property.


Article 10

1. In the Nagorno Karabakh Republic the Church is independent of the state.

2. The Nagorno Karabakh republic recognizes the Holy Apostolic Church of Armenia as its national church with a unique spiritual mission in the life of the people of Artsakh, its national cultural development, and nurturing of its national identity.


Article 11.

1. The armed forces of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic ensure the security of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic, its defense, territorial integrity, and inviolability of its borders.

2. The armed forces hold neutrality in political matters and are under the civilian supervision.

Article 12.

The foreign policy of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic shall be conducted in accordance with the principles and norms of international law.


Article 13.

The Nagorno Karabakh Republic guarantees the local self-government.


Article 14.

1.The Nagorno Karabakh Republic citizens within the territory of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and outside are under the protection of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic.

2.The procedure of acquiring or ceasing of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic citizenship is stipulated by law.


Article 15.

The state language of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic is Armenian.

The Nagorno Karabakh Republic guarantees the freedom of the use of other languages spoken by the population.


Article 16.

1. The National Flag of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic is a tricolor with equal upper-red, the middle-blue, and the lower-orange horizontal stripes with a white five-toothed stepped pattern on the flag which begins from the two verges of the cloth’s right side and is connected on one-third of the Flag. Law stipulates the detailed description of the Flag.

2. Law defines the coat of arms and national anthem of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic.

2. The capital of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic is Stepanakert.